Pune is a part of the Deccan Plateau and is an important town of Maharashtra renowned for its rich culture and heritage. The city has earned name and fame in the tourism industry of Maharashtra and is also an important gateway to the important places of Maharashtra such as Shirdi, Nasik, Lonavala, Khandala and Mahabaleshwar. Pune is an important town of Maharashtra and is also known as “Oxford of the East” due to the presence of a large number of prestigious education institutes. Pune is also gaining a lot of prominence as a tourist destination and in the present day, it is one of the major crowd pullers in entire Maharashtra. Its ancient forts, caves, temples and bewitching natural beauty are some of the irresistible temptations for the travelers.
In the historical times, Pune was known as “Punyenagari” and it was here that the legendary Maratha king Chhatrapati Shivaji spent his childhood in the 17th century. After he passed away, the empire came under the Peshwas and the town greatly flourished under their rule since they were staunch advocators of refined artistic pursuits and culture. They developed the town to a great extent by constructing the bridges and temples. Later, pune was annexed by the British Empire in the year 1817 and established it as their monsoon capital in 1820. Pune was also an important center during the Indian freedom movement and also a major center for religious and social movements. This historic land has produced many legendary reformers such as Mahadev Govind Ranade, Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Maharshi Vitthal Ramji Shinde and Bal Gangadhar Tilak.
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